Description of the project
Kaliningrad Stadium, also known as the Arena Baltika, is a newly opened stadium in the city of Kaliningrad. It was built to be one of the playing venues of the 2018 World Cup and the new home of FC Baltika, who previously played at the modest Baltika Stadium.The new Kaliningrad Stadium, or as it is also called the “Arena Baltika”, will hold about 35,000 spectators.
The project of the stadium in Kaliningrad ahead FIFA WC2018.
The general designer of the Kaliningrad Stadium was the “Mostovik” research and production association, but later the company went bankrupt and was unable to begin construction. On 1 April 2014 a government order published by the government declared the appointment of JSC "Crocus International" as the sole executor of the Ministry of Sports of the Russian Federation for theconstruction works. The total cost of draft and the construction of the arena itself is 10 billion rubles ($257 mln).
It is planned to build a modern two-level sports complex equipped with all the necessary systems for the 2018 World Cup. An extensive recreational zoneis planned to be createdaround the arenato provide sea bank protection, to create a recreation park with a summer stage, cycle routes, a marina with berths for small vessels, a center for rowing sports, berthingfor cruisers and sports facilities - tennis courts and sports grounds.According to the project,two open parking lots for 7000 cars will be built next to the sports complex.In the layout you can see the stadium appears to be a bird's nest. Within four corners of the arena there will be centers of watersports, ice and team sports, martial arts centers.
Kaliningrad, as a rule, is associated with the Baltic Sea and amber. Therefore, fans will see the transparency and openness of the facades (like a sea wave) the unique effect of amber will be achieved with the help of highlighting.
After the bankruptcy of “Mostovik”, with a view of economy, it was decided to give up on "business corners" in which commercial areas (pool, court, indoor gyms) were to be located, and also from the sliding roof, instead of it the stands would be sheltered under the visors, which are required by FIFA requirements. It is also had to re-design the facade; it will be replaced by cheaper materials, and the colors of the façade --from sea wave to amber - will be change by the lightning.
The commencement and progress of the construction of the Kaliningrad stadium
Due to the bankruptcy of the design-and-construction company and a serious delay in terms, the erection of the sports complex went on a faster pace. Prior to commencement of the direct construction in the territory of the island, a number of measures were taken to engineer the site: dredging with backfilling and drainage, the setting of sheet piles, and the construction of trunk and embankment systems.
The object has no reinforced concrete frame and comes straight with steel columns from the foundations.More than 7,000 piles were staked. Also, a playground is powered by the Beregovaya power station, which was also built on the island for the 2018 World Cup. The main support structures of the stands and premises is a skeleton that consists of pylons, ties, columns, floors girders, beams of the stands providing stability of the frame.
At the same time, a stands cover shed of the main arena in Kaliningrad is a closed structure with a rectangular opening above the pitch. The roofing of the main part of the coating comprised of steel profiled sheet. A section of the roof near the central opening is a translucent structure of polycarbonate. The facade system is made in the form of hinged metal perforated panels.
Technical and economic features of the Kaliningrad sports complex for the World Cup 2018:
· Capacity (FIFA mode) - 35,000 seats
· Capacity ("Heritage" mode) - 25,000 places
· Land area - 24,4 hectares
· Building area - 49 384.5 sq. M. m
· The area of the stands - 20 535 m
· Construction volume - 348 057.3 cu. m
· Elevation - 46,826 m